Python – Add Two Numbers
You can add two numbers in python using arithmetic addition operator
+. The addition operator accepts two operands and returns the result of addition.
The numbers in Python could be of datatype int, float or complex. To find the sum, you can take values of same datatype or combination of any of the Python supported numeric datatypes: int, float and complex.
The syntax of arithmetic addition operator is
result = operand1 + operand2
+ operator adds the numbers operand1, operand2; and returns the result. In the above syntax, we are storing the result in a variable named result.
To demonstrate this operation quickly, you may open Python Shell and run the addition operation as shown below.
>>> 25 + 63 88 >>> a = 32 >>> b = 87 >>> a + b 119
You have to make sure that the datatype of the variables or operands is numeric i.e., int, float or complex.
Example 1: Add Two Integer Numbers
In the following example, we will take two numbers of integer datatype and add these two numbers.
a = 1 b = 6 # Add two integer numbers sum = a + b # print the sum to console print(sum)
The datatype of both
b is int. Therefore, the datatype of the result,
sum, is also int.
Example 2: Add Two Floating Numbers
In the following example, we add two numbers of datatype float. The returned value will be of type float.
a = 1.5 b = 6.3 # Add two floating numbers sum = a + b # Display the sum print(sum)
Example 3: Add an Int and Float
In the following example, we have a variable
a with data of type float and another variable
b holding data of type int. We will add these two numbers using
a = 1.5 b = 6 # Add a float and an int sum = a + b # Display the sum print(sum)
As already mentioned, the type of variable a is float and the type of variable b is int. When you add two numbers with different datatypes, the lower type is promoted to higher datatype, and this promotion happens implicitly. As in here, when you add int and float, int is promoted to float. The higher datatype of the operands becomes the datatype of result.
Example 4: Add two Complex Numbers
Python supports complex numbers. In this example, we take two complex numbers and find their sum.
a = (1+8j) b = (6+4j) # Add two complex numbers sum = a + b # Display the sum print(sum)
In complex number addition, the real parts of the two numbers get summed up and the imaginary parts of the two numbers gets summed up.
In this tutorial of Python Examples, we learned how to add two numbers that belong to same or different numeric datatypes in Python.
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