Upload File in Python Flask Application

Python Flask – Upload File

In a flask web application, we can upload a file to server from HTML form, and save it in desired location in server.

In this tutorial, we will write a simple flask application with HTML template that contains form element to upload the file, and a server side Python code to save the file in server.

Flask Application to Upload File

In this example, we build a flask application to enable the user to upload a file to server.

The flask application project structure is as shown in the following.

Flask project structure


<!DOCTYPE html>
   <h1>Upload File</h1>
   <p>Welcome to sample flask application by <a href="https://pythonexamples.org/">PythonExamples.org</a>.</p>

     <form action = "/upload-file" method = "POST" 
          enctype = "multipart/form-data">
       <input type="file" name="file">
       <input type="Submit" value="Upload">
     <div style="color:orange">{{ message }}</div>

In the form element,

  • When user clicks on the submit button, post request is sent to /upload-file URL.
  • Please note that the encryption type enctype for the form must be "multipart/form-data" to upload a file.


from flask import Flask, render_template, request
import os

app = Flask(__name__)

app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'] = 'uploads'

def home_page():
    return render_template("index.html")

@app.route('/upload-file', methods=['POST'])
def upload_file():
    if request.method == 'POST':
        if 'file' not in request.files:
            return 'There is file is submitted form.'
        file = request.files['file']
        file.save(os.path.join(app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'], file.filename))
        return 'File upload successful.'
        return 'Invalid request.'

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(host="", port=8080, debug=True)

In upload_file() function,

  • we save the uploaded files to uploads folder.
  • request.files['file'] accesses the file from the form data.
  • file.save is used to save the file to specific folder.
  • file.filename returns are original name of the uploaded file.

Run Application

Open terminal or command prompt at the root of the application, and run the Python file main.py.

Run Flask Application

The flask application is up and running at URL

Now, open a browser of your choice and hit the URL

Upload File in Python Flask Application

If you click on the Browse button, a window appears to select a file.

Upload File in Python Flask Application

Select a file for upload and click on Open button.

Upload File in Python Flask Application

The file name appears next to the Browse button.

Python Flask - Upload File

Now click on Upload button in the browser.

Python Flask - Upload File

When you click on Upload button, the form element sends POST request to the URL /upload-file as specified in the HTML template.

At the server side, we can access the uploaded file from request object.

The expression: request.files['file'], returns the file. You can use file.save() method to save this file to specific location on the server.

In the following screenshot, you can observe that the flask_app.zip has been uploaded to uploads folder.

Upload File in Python Flask Application

If the file upload is successful, the server responds with a string "File upload successful.".

Upload File in Python Flask Application

Instead of returning a string, you can render a template or redirect to another URL.

Project ZIP


In this Python Flask Tutorial, we learned how to upload a file in a flask application.

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